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Of Travel, Farming,Industry and Cost.

That is carrying a punk of quality to a mornings exercise; or a Bartholomew baby beau, newly launched out of a choclate house with his pockets as empty as his brains.

"I ostentatiously gave a shilling to the coachman, when the custom was for each passanger to give only sixpence, he [Johnson] took me aside and scolded me, saying what I had done would make the coachman ***** with all the rest of the passangers, who gave him no more than is due. This was a just reprimand; for in whatever way a man may indulge his generousity or vanity in spending his money, for the sake of others he ought not raise the price of any article for which there is a constant demand."
James Boswell.

My horses having been sufficiently rested, and being in the best possible condition, I resolved on going the 15 miles [German] which was the distance to Halberstadt, without halting. To my great surprize I succeded in preforming the whole of this distance without stopping, in 30 hours.
Gentlemans Magazine.

"I have only a moment to say that if your husband will not allow you a coach in London your father will - and tho' I never was more pinch'd for money, yet I beg you would do this thing handsomely and not only have the comfort of going in your coach but also the pleasure of being drawn by pretty horses - and I will pay you either monthly or at the end of the season."
Fredrick Hervey.

"Of late years a great revelution has taken place in our journing by stage-coaches, and which has produced nine out of ten, prehaps, indeed, I may say, the whole of those accidents which we attribute to coachmen - I alude, sir, to the fashion, taste, or what you please to callit, of prefering the outside to the inside of our coaches. I call this a revelution, and it is a very important one - and if it proceeds - if this fashion continues - I have no doubt that our posterity will, at some debating society, inquire what the inside of a coach was made for."
An Old Insider.

"...My mother has fixed this day fortnight for her journey to Bath in a new opposition coach which will carry her there for fifteen shillings ! A temptation not to be resisted.
Jane Linley.


18th-19th Centuary.

Man to the plough, Wife to the cow.
Girl to the sow, Boy to the mow.
And your rents will be netted !

Man tally-ho, Miss piano.
Wife silk and satin, Boy Greek and Latin.
And you'll all be gazetted !

There are charactors who had rather amuse the world, at hazard of their lives, for a slender and precarious pittance, than follow an honest calling for an easy subsistance.
William Hutton.

The poor when manag'd and employ'd in trade,-
Are to the publick welfare, useful made;-
But if kept idle from their vices spring-
Whores for the stews, and soldiers for the King.

A sin it is in man or woman,
To steal a goose from off the common.
But what, then, is his excuse,
Who steals the common from the goose.

"...the greedy tyrannies of the wealthy few to opres the indignent many."
Hon John Byng.

Inclosure like a Bounaparte let  not a living thing remain
It leveled every bush and tree and levelled every hill
And hung the moles for traitors - though the brook is running still.
John Clare.

"An amazing number of people have been reduced from a comfortable state of partial independance to the precarious condition of mere hirelings, who when out of work immediatly come on the parish."
Rev David Davies.

"Why is the soil of England so well cultivated ? It is because England is rich. Why is England the seat of liberty ? It is because England is rich. Why does England at present pay so little regard to the attainments of art and literature ? It is because England is too rich....Why is not England not more peaceable and happy ? It is because England is too rich. Gold is the Sun of the Nation."

"Let us not be satisfied with the liberation of Egypt, or the subjugation of Malta, but let us subdue Finchley Common; let us conquer Hounslow Heath; let us compel Epping Forest to submit to the yoke of improvement."
Lord Sinclair.

Go to an ale-house kitchen of an old enclosed country, and there you will see the origin of poverty and poor rates. For whom are they to be sober ? For whom do they save ? [Such are their questions]. For the parish ? If I am dilligent, shall I have a cow ? I am frugal, shall I have half an acre of potatoes ? You offer me no motives; you have nothing but a parish officer and a workhouse ! Bring me another pot !
Arthur Young.

Of the people of Axholme..."Though I have said they are very happy, yet I should note that it was remarked to me, that the proprietors work like negros and do not live well as the inhabitants of the por house; but all is made amends for by possessing land.
 Arthur Young.

A Tewksbury man has sold an ox, thought to be the largest ever bred, for 100 guineas. The ox's weight is one ton, 1,407lb, he is 19 hands high, his girth measures 11ft 6ins, while it is 9ft 6ins in length from brow to the drop of is tail.
Berrows Worcester Journal.

 The workmen earning near double their former wages, _ their houses mostly new and comfortable, and the lands, roads, and every other circumstance bearing evident marks of the most pleasing and rapid improvements...Industry has been parent of this happy change.

"Eligant dresses, supurb furniture, stately buildings, fine roads and canals, fleet horses and carriages, numerous and stout ships, warehouses teeming with goods; all these...spring from Labour."
William Cobbett.

"...And it is the labour of those who toil which makes a country abound in resourses, so it is the same class of men, who must, by their arms, secure its safty  and uphold its Fame."
William Cobbett.

" But though it be acknowledged that the most effective workmen are often the most profligate, and that these are stimulated to work, by no other motive than that of procuring by their labour the means of sensual gratification; it must be remembered, that persons of this description are regarded by their employers as part of the machinery, and it is by workmen of superior charactor that these inferior wheels are set in motion. It is on the knowledge and judgement of these few that the master manufacturer depends for his success.
Elizabeth Hamilton.

There are charactors who had rather amuse the world, at hazard of their livws, for a slender and precarious pittance, than follow an honest calling for an easy subsistance.
William Hutton.

"In Marchall's every man chases his own buisness...the hands have very particularly printed instructed set before them which are as particularly attended strict are the instructions that if an overseer of a room be found talking to any person in the mill during working hours he is dismissed immediatly - two or more overseers are employed in each room, if one be found a yard outside his own ground, he is discharged. No overseer is allowed to touch a tool or move a pinnion with his own hands, on pain of dismissal - everyone, managers, overseers, mechanics, oilers, spreaders, spinners and reelers, have their particular duty pointed out to them, and if they transgress, they are instantly turned off as unfit for their situation."
John Marshall.

"In commerce, even more than in war, both men and beasts are concidered merely as machines, and sacrificed with even less compunction."
Robert Southy.

Whale fishing, which was once a gainfull trade,
Is now by cunning heads a bubble made -
For round the change they only spread their sails,
And to catch Gudgeon, bait their hooks with Whales.

Companies Floated...
For insuring horses.
"     trading in human hair.
"     improving the art of soap making.
"     making oil from sunflower seeds.
"     assuring and increasing childrens fortunes.
"     wrecks to be fished off the Irish coast.

" You can't suppose the numbers of familiys undone, and these devils directors have ruin'd more men's fortunes in this world, than I hope old Beelebub will do Souls for ye next."

"Enter the London stock exchange, that place more respectable than many a court. You will see the deputies of all nations gathered there for the service of mankind. There a Jew, a Mohammadan, and a Christian deal with each othere as if they were the same religion, and give the name of Infidal only to those who go bankrupt."

"Tis not in great works alone that the English excel, the most common trades here seem to partake of the perfection of arts...With regard to the neatness and solidity of work of all kinds they succeed better in the least towns of England, than in the most conciderable cities of France. I have seen here, in country places, common hands work and put togather the several parts of a piece of joiners work with a degree of exactness and propriety which the best master joiners of Paris would find it difficult to come near."
Le Blanc.


A years subscription to Covent Garden Theatre...20 guineas.
Admission to Vauxhall Pleasure Gardens...1s.
Admission to the cricket match,[ in 1790] between Middlesex and Essex...6d.

"My naming the sum of ten guineas was rash; however I concidered that it cost me as much to be cured of what I contracted from a whore, and that ten guineas was but a moderate expence for women during the winter."
James Boswell.

With the strictest economy - mind, I say the strictest economy - it, [the Ton] may be done for £1000.00 a year.

Lodging £50.00.
Dinner £18.00
Breakfast £9.00
Candles £6.00
Coals £1.00
Washing £6.00
Shoe Cleaning £1.00
Clothes £50.00
Stockings and Shoes £10.00
James Boswell.

...a small plot of land in Picadilly, not long ago bought by a brewer for 30s as a bit of waste to put his butts in, had been sold for the benefit of his orphan son for £2.500.

Postillions new  livery.....£4.16.111/2.
A lady's bath beaver Italian great coat.....£0.16.00.
A riding habit, best superfine ladies cloth and muslinet waistcoat compleate.....£4.10.00.
A mans beaver surtout coat.....£0.10.00.
A frock suit of best superfine cloth, compleate.....£4.10.00.
A single coat.....£2.10.00.
A satin flortine waistcoat.....from 18s to the very best £1.08.00.
A livery suit.....£3.03.00.
A great choice of his new fashion and much improved dresses for children. A reasonable allowance made to merchants, county shop keepers and taylors who buy and sell again.

A ladies riding dress or a gentlemans suit of cloth, made at 6 hours notice.
R.Croft. Taylor and Habit maker.
No 63 the corner of Bolt-in-the-Tun Inn, Fleet Street.

Fancy Dress for George Prince of Wales.
Tarten Masquarade jackets.....£17.10.each.
Manderine of Wars Court Dress.....£52.10.
Cloathes as Henry V.....£16.10.
Claothes as Leonites.....£27.01.

Last years Taylors bill.
Parson Woodforde.

"Raising the wages of day labourers is wrong; for it does not make them live better, but only makes them idler, and idleness is a very bad thing for human nature."
 Dr Johnson.

To Ben Laggatt, my farming man.....£10.0.0.
To Bretingham Scurl my footman.....£08.0.0.
To Betty Dade my house maid.....£05.0.0.
To Sally Gunton my cookdairy maid.....£02.2.0.
Parson Woodforde.