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OF PASTIMES, POLITICS AND SERVANTS

 

PASTIMES

ARCHERY.
...though an excersise not much heard of, yet is not out of use. There are some men of fashion who still amuse themselves this way.
The World.

BATHING.
''Twas a glorious sight to behold the fair sex
All wading with gentlemen up to their necks,
And view them so prettily tumble and sprawl
In a great smoaking kettle as big as our hall;
And to-day many persons of rank and condition
We.re boil'd by command of an able physician.

''Oh...twas pretty to see them all put on their flannels,
And take to the water, like so many spaniels.''
New Bath Guide.

''...a small snug wooden chamber, fixed upon a wheel-carriage, having a door at each end, and on each side a little window above, a bench below. The bather ascending into this apartment by wooden steps, shuts himself in, and begins to undress, while the attendent yokes a horse to the end next the sea and draws the carriage forwards, till the surface of the water is on a level with the floor of the dressing room, then he moves and fixes the horse to the other end. The person within, being stripped, opens the door to the seaward, where he finds the guide ready, and plunges headlong into the water.''
Tobias Smollett.[Humphrey Clinker]

BULL BAITING.
''...and a mad bull let loose to be baited, with fireworks all over him, and dogs after him.''

CHRISTMAS.
''May 1806 prove happier to all of us than 1805 has been from beginning to end...The severity of the weather makes everyone cough but nothing to signify. I am occupied with my yearly Christmas presents, not fine ones, but just enough to remember that there is such a cheerful season.''
Queen Charlotte.

CIVIL INSURRECTION.
One evening in March his carriage was blocked by a mob, who called on him, [Prince George] to shout ''Pitt forever.'' ''Damn Pitt, Fox forever'' he replied...and carried on to the theatre.

A riotous mob assembled in the neighbourhood, armed in a warlike manner, and after breaking down the doors of the buildings, they entered the rooms, destroyed most of the machinery, and afterwards set fire to and consumed the whole buildings, and everything therin contained.

''About 400 Somersetshire people cut down a third time the turnpike gates on the Ashton road...then afterwards destroyed the Duddry turnpike, and thence went to Bedminster headed by two chiefs on horseback...the rest were on foot, armed with rusty swords, pitchforks, axes, pistols, clubs.
Gentlemans Magazine. 

CLUBS.
Almacks.
All on that magic list depends,
Fame, fortune, fashion, lovers, friends...
If once to Almack's you belong,
Like monarchs, you can do no wrong;
But banished thence on Wednesday night,
By Jove, you can do nothing right.
Lutterall.

COCKFIGHTING.
''When the bets are made, one of the cocks is placed on either end of the stage;they are armed with silver spurs and immediatly rush at each other and fight furiously. It is surprizing to see the ardour, the strength and the courage of these little animals, for they rarely give up till one of them is dead...Sometimes a cock will be seen vanquishing his opponent and, thinking he is dead [if a cock thinks], jump on the body of the bird and crow noisily with triumph, when the fallen bird will unexpectedly revive and slay the victor. Of course such cases are very rare, but their possibility makes the fight very exciting.''
De Saussure.

COCKTHROWING.
Short staves are thrown at a cock in order to kill or disable it. Sometimes the cock is put in an earthenware vessel, with its head and tail showing. The person to break the vessal claims the cock.

CRICKET.
The greatest cricket match that was ever played in the south part of Engaand was on Friday the 26th of last month, on Gosden Common, near Guildford, between eleven maids of Bramley and eleven maids of Hambledon dressed all in white. The Bramley maids had blue ribbands and the Hambledon maids red ribbands on their heads. The Bramley girls got 119 notches and the Hambledon girls 122. There was of both sexes the greatest number that ever was seen on such an occasion. The girls bowled, batted ran and caught as well as any men could do in that game.
Derby Mercury.

''...they go into a large open field and knock a small ball about with a piece of wood.''
De Saussure.

DANCING.
Now that Christmas breaking up drawers near, I have ordered Mr.D. to go to you, during that time, to teach you to dance. I desire you will particuly attend to the graceful motion of your arms; which with the manner of putting on your hat, and giving your hand, is all that a gentleman need to attend to. Dancing is in itself a very trifiling, silly thing; but is one of those established follies to which people of sence are sometimes obliged to confirm; and then they should be able to do it well.
Lord Chesterfield.

Dancing of late seems frequently to involve the practice of kissing, particularly in the Pavane and Brande which have reached us from France, in which osculation appears to form a not unimportant part. This practice seems to have added greatly to the pastime.
London Gazette

DUELING.
About the year 1777, 'the fire-eaters' were in greta repute in Ireland. No young fellow could finish his education till he had exchanged shots with some of his aquaintances. The first two questions always asked of a young mans respectability and qualifications, particulary when he proposed for a lady-wife, were - ''whay family is he ? - did he ever blaze ?''

It has a strange, quick jar upon the ear,
That cocking of a pistol, when you know
A moment more will bring the sight to bear
Upon your person, twelve yards off or so.
Lord Byron.

''I am fully and enterely the aggressor as well in the spirit as in the letter or the word should I therefore lose my life in a contest of my own seeking I most solemnly forbid my friends or relations...from insitituting any vexations proccedings against my antolgist and should notwithstanding the above declaration on my part the law of the land be put into force against him I desire that this part of my will may be known to the King in order that his royal Breast may be moved to extend his mercy torwards him.''
Lord Camleford.

''I seized his shell [guard], which was close to my breast, before he could disentangle his point, and keeping it fast with my left hand, shortened my own sword with my right, intending to run him through the heart; but he recieved the thrust in his left arm, which penatrated up to the shoulder blade. Dissappointed in this expectation, and afraid still that death would frustrate my revenge, I grappled with him, and being much stronger, threw him upon the ground, where I wrested his sword out of his hand; and  so great was my confusion, instead of turning the point on him, struck three of his fore-teeth with the hilt.''
Tobias Smollett.[Roderick Randome].

FOOTBALL.
''In cold weather you sometimes see a score of rascals in the street kicking at a ball, and they will break panes of glass and smash windows in coaches, and knock you down without the slightest compunction; on the contary, they will roar with laughter.''
De Saussure.

GAMBLING.
''A member of a gaming club should be a cheat or he will soon be a beggar.''
Lord Chesterfield.

''In less than two hours t'other night, the Duke of Cumberland lost four hundred and fifty pounds at loo, Miss Pelham won three hundred, and I the rest.''
Horace Walpole.

The beginining of October, one is certain that everybody will be at Newmarket, and the Duke of Cumberland will lose and Shafto win, two or three thousand pounds.
Horace Walpole.

''Lord Stevordale, not yet one and twenty, lost eleven thousand there last Tuesday, but recovered it by one great hand of hazard; he swore a great oath - 'Now if I had been playing deep I might have won millions.''
Horace Walpole.

IDLENESS.
''Should publicians be allowed to promote and even advertise such ridiculus diversions as horse, foot or ass races, or any similiar pastime for the populace, on the view of profit to themselves by the promotion of idleness and drinking; such proceeding I must concider as unlawful in their nature - How often do we see the whole inhabitants of a county village drawn from theit harvest work ,to see cudgel playing, or a cricket match.''

''If you are idle be not solitary; if you are solitary be not idle.''
Dr Johnson.

MUSIC.
''It excits in my mind no ideas, and hinders me from contemplating my own.''
Dr Johnson.

NIDDLE NODDLE.
''We do sit in a ring with the Niddle in the middle, then we keeping our hands at our backs, so as no to be seen, do pass a thimble verrie quick round to this one and that, both back and forth, and the Niddle do have to nod his head at the one with the thimble. He be wrong more often than not all the time, and looking so funnie.''
Anne Hughues.

 PLAYTHINGS.
''Old boys have their playthings as well as young ones; the difference is only in the price.''
Ben Franklin.

POETERY.
The corpse of many a hero slain
Pressed Waterloos ensanguined plain;
But none by sabre, or by shot,
Fell half as flat as Walter Scott.
William Beckford on Scotts 'Field of Waterloo.'

POPP.
''Then we didd gather tagather and play the game of Popp; we did put chairs in a ringe, the men on one side, the ladies on the other with our hands behind, one holding an apple which be passed from one to another. The man must not speak but do beckon to the lady they think havegot the apple, if she have not she do say 'Popp' and the man do have to sit on the floor and pay a forfitt, till all there; but if he be right he do take the ladie on his knees till the game be played out.''
Anne Hughues.

PRIZES.
To be played for at cricket, a round of beef, each man on the winning team to have a ribband.
A cheese to be rolled down the hill, prize to whoever stops it.
A silver cup to be run for by ponies, the best of three heats.
A pound of tobbacco to be grinned for.
A barrel of beer to be rolled down the hill, prize to whoever stops it.
A michael goose to be dived for.
A good hat to be cudgelled for.
Half a guinea for the best ass - in three heats.
A handsome hat for the boy most expert in catching a roll dipped in treacle and suspended on a string.
A leg of mutton and a gallon of porter to the winner of a race of one hundred yards in sacks.
A good hat to be wrestled for.
Half a guinea to the rider of the ass who wins the best of three heats by coming last.
A pig - prize to whoever catches him by the tail.
A fine capon to be wrestled for.
A round of beef to the winning set in a tug of war.
All played to honnour the birthday of HRH Duchess of Wurtenburg.

READING.
''I have often seen shoeblacks and other persons of that class club togather to purchace a farthing paper.
De Saussure.

"Novels, generally speaking are instruments of abobination and ruin. A fond attachment to them is an irrfragable evidence of a mind contaminated, and totally unfitted for the serious pursuits of study, or the delightful exersises and enjoyments of Religion."
Evangelical Magazine.

"Reading will help the peoples morals, but writing is not necessary."
J.Hanaway.

''According to the best estimation I have been able to make, I suppose that more than four times the number of books are sold now than were sold twenty years since. The poorest sort of farmers, and even the poor country people in general, who before spent their evenings in relating stories of witches, ghosts, hobgoblins etc, now shorten their winter nights by hearing their sons and daughters read tales, romances etc, and on entering their houses you may see 'Tom Jones', or 'Roderick Randome', and other entertaining books stuck up on their bacon racks.''
James Lackington.

A book by the title of...'A sound and Pleasant Proof THAT a Respectable Woman may sometimes enter a Coffee-House without damage to her good name, and moreover she may, and should treat herself to a pipe of Tobbacco. Further it is also explained why Women go first, and why men wear beards. All incontestable Reasons.''
By Leucorande Lindenstadt.

SHOPPING.
Let us walk from Charing Cross to Whitechapel, through I suppose the greatest series of shops in the world.
Dr Johnson.

The shop assistant ought....."to speak fluently, though not elegantly, to entertain the ladies; and to be the master of a handsome bow and cringe; should be able to hand a lady out from her coach politely, without being seiz'd with a palpitation of the heart at the touch of a delicate hand.....
The London Tradesman.

SHOOTING.
"...Shooting, as he,[Nelson] practiced it was far too dangerous for his companions; for he carried his gun upon full-cock, as if he were going to board an enemy; and the moment a bird rose, he let fly, without ever putting the fowling piece to his shoulder. It is not therefore, extrodinary, that his once having shot a partridge should be remembered by his family among the remarkable events of his life.
Robert Southey.

SMOKING.
''The good fellow was carelessley puffing away at his cigarette of Brazillian tobbacco wrapped in a little paper tube, from which he blew great clouds of smoke with evident enjoyment.''
Casanova.

''I took occasion to advise him,[The King of Prussia] for his healths' sake, to moderate his way of living. He seems to see himself that too much smoking is injurious to him, and has abstained from it for some days; it would be well if he could do the same with regards to drink.''
Seckendorf. 

SNUFF.
''...secondly I have taken to snuff again - with excellent results. W ithout a pinch of snuff my letters were as dry as invoices, but now ! they go like greased lightening - not a pretty simile, but it is the only one I can think of.''
Goethes Mother.

STUDY.
"The learned Mrs Carter, at that period when she was eager to study, did not awake as early as she wished, and therefore had a contrivance that, at a certain hour, her chamber-light should burn a string to which a heavy weight was suspended, which then fell with a sudden noise; this roused her from sleep, and then she had no difficulty in getting up."
James Boswell.

THEATRE.
''...the negligence of the managers, or their servants at the pit door, bit fair to destroy this part of the audience, by admitting Footmen in liveries to take their seat among the company if they drop their three shillings at the door. Last night was not the first time this winter I have had to sit cheek by jole with a neighbours footman.''
 

VICE.
Abhor all vice, in private as well as publick, and look upon yourself as obliged to set good examples. Disdain all flattery...Do justice unto everybody and avoid partiality...I recommend unto you the highest love, affection and duty towards the King...I mitiate his virtues, and look upon everything that is in opposition to that duty as destructive to yourself.
Queen Charlotte to Prince George.

''For the love of Heaven stop, O stop my friend and do not thus headlong plunge yourself into vice.''
Mary Hamilton to Prince George.

 POLITICS.

 The 40 shilling freeholder has as good a right as a large property - owner to send a man to parliment. I never measure the patriotism of a man by the number of his acres. I have known the greatest rascals in the kingdom in a laced coat.

Quoth N- to F- "You've got your ends,
In spite of all your foes !"
"I have," says F-,"see how my friends
I do lead by the nose."
"I see't ," says n- again; "such Blocks
Prove country's good a Farce is;
So we broad - bottomed" -"Right" says F-,
"We bid them kiss our -".
Public Advertiser.

"I am a freeborn Briton and an independant man...I have the right to think and speak for myself and will do so. Having no desire to see the inside of Newgate than to try the air of Botany Bay, I shall be cautious in what I have to say about Parliment."
John Bowdler.

"Since Granville was turned out, there has been no minister in this nation worth the meal that whitened his wig."
Tobias Smollett.[Humohrey Clinker].

"If anything can make a democracy in England it will be the Royal Family."
Sir Gilbert Elliot.

"For my own part, sir I shall not hesitate to pronounce positively in favour of this house...I pay no regard whatever to the voice of the people; it is our duty to do what is proper, without concidering what is agreeable... I stand up for the constitution, not for the people...I am for maintaining the indendence of Parliment, and will not be a rebel to my King, to my country, or my own heart, for the proudest huzza of an inconsiderate multitude."
Charles James Fox.

 "Freedom consists in the safe and sacred possesion of a man's property governed by laws defind and certain; with many personal priveleges, natural, civil and religious, which he cannot surrender without ruin to himself; and which to be deprived by any other power, is despotism."
Charles James Fox.

"Ignorance in a minister is a crime of the first magnitude."
Charles James Fox.

"When the power of speaking is taken away, what is left but...implicit submission."
Charles James Fox.

"Walpole was a minister given by the King to the people, but Pitt was a minister given by the people to the King."
Dr Johnson.

[Camleford]...had for some offence, challenged a German officer who refused to fight him till after the war; and therefore felt himself bound, in spite of his political opinions, to vote for peace."
Bobus Smith.

There is a sentiment in every human breast that asserts mans natural right to liberty and good usage, and that will and ought to rebel when oppressed and provoked to a certain degree.
Bishop of Waterford.

"...My friend Sire; he was no friend of mine; he was a Wilkesite which I never was."
John Wilkes.[on being asked of an old friend].

"As to Wilkes my old friend, he remains where he was;
And as to his friends - why plague rat, em;
But poor squire Pitt [all flesh is but grass]
Lies deceantly buried in Chatham."

On Pitts Peerage.

On being asked that R.B.Sheridan be given the Irish Secretary-ship, Lord Grey replied..."It would be like sending a man with a lighted torch into a magazine of gunpowder."

Drunk in the House [of Commons]..."I cannot see the Speaker, Hall can you ?
What ! Cannot see the Speaker, I see two.

The great speakers fill me with despair, the bad ones with terror.
Edward Gibbon.

"He canvasses with great industry and treats his good friends with a speech every day besides."
R.B.Sheridan.

"Charles Fox keeps us all alive here, with letters and paragraphs and a thousand clever things. I saw him today upon the hustings bowing and sweltering and scratching his black ass."
Warner

SERVANTS

If you would have a faithful servant, serve yourself.

"The cook has been bad tempered, impertinent, rude, fidgety, and spiteful, and has finally made life intolerable for me."

"For haughtiness and pride but ill agrees
With one whose duty tis to serve and please."

I was once put very much to the blush, being at a friend' house and requir'd of him to salute the Ladies, I kis'd the chamber-jade into the bargin, for she was as well dressed as the best. Things of this kind would be avoided if our servant maids were obliged to go in a dress suitable to their station.
Daniel Defoe.

Noblemen and Gentlemen of fortune keep a vast many unnecessary servants...which is another great drain of labourers, for no man that can live the idle and luxurious life of a livery servant in town, will live on plain food and work hard for the farmer in the country.
Oliver Grey.

"A valet must be master of every sort of politeness, to which he must take care to accustom himself without stiffness or affection."
Heasel.

"He[The Steward] was to be found spunging with every gentleman who did not have the resolution to repulse and kick out of his party, such an impudent, niggardly intruder."
Rev.James.

Information from Portsmouth recieved yesterday makes mention of a number of female servants missing from their places of employment; and a simliar number of soldiers of the ** Reg't having deserted from their temporary billets in the neighbourhood.
London Gazette.

"A likley sober person...has a mind to serve a gentleman as a valet de chambre or buttler...he is known to shave well and can make wigs; he well understands the practice of surgery which may be a great use to a family in the country, or elsewhere...he is a sportsman; he understands shooting...hunting and fishing."
Poor Robins Intelligencer.

" A maidservant to be hired either weekly or monthly or quarterly for resonable wages. One that is an incomparable slut, and goes all day slipshod with her stockings out at heels; an excellent housewife that wastes more of everything than she spares; an ergious scold, that will always have the last word; an everlasting gossip, that tells abroad whatever is done in the house, a lazy trollop, that cares not how late she sits up; nor how long she lies in."
Poor Robins Intelligencer.

"Bless me, said I, where can it end?
What madness has posse'd my friend?
Four powdered slaves, and those the tallest,
Their stomaches doubless not the smallest!
Can Damon's revenue maintain,
In lace and food, so large a train.
William Shenstone.

The usual manners of masters to servants, and of superiors to infereriors, is infinitely more guarded and conciderate than it used to be; blows and abusive epithets are only known in old novels and on the stage.
Simmond.

"I paid my maid Nanny Goulding this morning her half years wages due Oct 10th £2.12.6. And about 2'o'clock this afternoon her mother came after her and she returned with her to her own home. I was sorry to part with her as she was a very good servant I belive and had it not been that she was subject to fits should not have parted with her so soon.
Parson Woodforde.

I am a marked man,[after ill treating a servant]. If I ask for beer, I am presented with a piece of bread. If I am bold enough to call for wine, after a delay which would take away its relish were it good. I recieve a mixture of the whole sideboard in a greasy glass. If I hold up my plate, nobody sees me; so that I am forced to eat mutton with fish sauce, and pickles with my apple-pye.
World.

Wages P.A.
Chambermaid.£6.00...1771, £18.00...1795.
Footman.£12.00-£16.00...1775, £18.00...1795.
Porter.£8.00...1770, £14.00-£16.00...1792.
Scullerymaid.£6.00...1772, £7.00...1775.